INDICATOR 1: REFERENCES TO LAND-USE OR REDD+ IN THE NEGOTIATING TEXT
• The current negotiating text (as of 1 November 2015) contains various options for including land-use and REDD+ in the final agreement and much negotiating remains to be done. It is therefore too early to assess how the post-2020 climate agreement will address land use and REDD+.
• The Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice adopted three new methodological decisions on REDD+ in 2015, essentially completing the REDD+ methodological framework. The Green Climate Fund is, however, still in the process of completing its modalities for defining how it would make results-based payments for REDD+.
• It is not yet clear if Parties will formally recognize existing UNFCCC decisions in the text of the Paris Agreement, a move that would clarify the continuity and validity of these decisions.
INDICATOR 2: REFERENCES TO LAND USE (INCLUDING REDD+) IN SUBMITTED INDCS
• The majority of states have set economy-wide mitigation targets in their INDCs. Numerous developing countries have expressed willingness to scale up their mitigation targets conditional on financial and technical assistance.
• 40 Parties have included specific actions on forests and land use, which are framed in a wide variety of ways.
• There is some convergence among Parties that have addressed accounting methodologies for land use in their INDCs, though a considerable number of Parties have included preferences and views that will need to be negotiated.