At least halve the rate of loss of natural forests globally by 2020 and strive to end natural forest loss by 2030
Rate of forest loss
Criterion 1. The global rate of gross tree cover loss has increased by 43 percent since pre-2014 levels.
Carbon dioxide emissions from forest loss
Criterion 2. Average forest emissions are 56 percent higher than pre-NYDF levels, increasing from 3.0 to 4.6 gigatons of CO2 per year
Support and help meet the private-sector goal of eliminating deforestation from the production of agricultural commodities such as palm oil, soy, paper, and beef products by no later than 2020, recognizing that many companies have even more ambitious targets
Criterion 1. Only a small share of companies have a robust and ambitious commitment to end deforestation that sets verifiable, time-bound targets and covers all supply chains, sourcing regions, and suppliers.
Implementation of commitments
Criterion 2. There is incremental progress in implementing commitments across the commodity supply chains, but considerable gaps remain.
Demonstration of progress toward commitment
Criterion 3. Very few companies report on their progress toward achieving their deforestation-free supply-chain goals.
Criterion 4. Two thirds of financial institutions do not have forest-specific commitments; governments are slowly implementing supply- and demand-side measures.
Criterion 5. Efforts to improve forest monitoring have yielded new tools that can enable measuring deforestation from the production of specific agricultural commodities and help to assess the progress of supply chain efforts.
Significantly reduce deforestation derived from other economic sectors by 2020
Risks to forests from non-agricultural sectors
Mining and extraction activities projected to increase with demand
The mitigation hierarchy
Infrastructure booms lead to degradation and forest fragmentation
Protected area downgrading, downsizing, and degazettement
Trend of backtracking on environmental advances
Limited progress in effectively implementing financial sector safeguards for forests
Private sector initiatives
Renewed efforts around transparency and sustainability in the mining sector, but impact remains to be seen
Countries and companies increasingly rely on offsets to compensate for biodiversity losses
Community-led protests pushing back against extractive growth models
Support alternatives to deforestation driven by basic needs (such as subsistence farming and reliance on fuel wood for energy) in ways that alleviate poverty and promote sustainable and equitable development
Defining the basic-needs activities that drive deforestation and forest degradation
Poverty, inequality, and migration act as indirect drivers of basic needs-driven deforestation and forest degradation
Tackling informality to reduce forest loss requires multi-pronged interventions
The clean cooking sector adopts new approaches to reduce woodfuel reliance
Budget allocations for basic-needs alternatives through REDD+ show some promise, but most funding remains to be distributed
Partners such as Imaflora and the Clean Cooking Alliance are adding robust data to assess alternatives to deforestation driven by basic needs
Restore 150 million hectares of degraded landscapes and forestlands by 2020 and significantly increase the rate of global restoration thereafter, which would restore at least an additional 200 million hectares by 2030
Rate of forest cover and tree cover gain (hectares established over time)
Criterion 1. Since 2000, approximately 26.7 million hectares of forest landscapes have undergone restoration, yet only 3.1 million hectares are under restoration since 2011, and 235,700 hectares since 2014
Forest landscape restoration efforts (political and socio-economic advancements)
Criterion 2. Bringing degraded land into restoration to create diverse and lasting benefits often requires transformative processes including policy change, increasing financial resources, and strengthening national implementation and monitoring capacities.
Include ambitious, quantitative forest conservation and restoration targets for 2030 in the post-2015 global development framework as part of new international sustainable development goals
Adoption of forest-related targets in Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)
Criterion 1. The SDGs include forests, with targets consistent with the NYDF’s aim to halt deforestation.
Agree in 2015 to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation as part of a post-2020 global climate agreement, in accordance with internationally agreed rules and consistent with the goal of not exceeding 2° Celsius warming
Implementing land-use provisions of the Paris Agreement
Criterion 1. Countries are now working to operationalize Article 5 of the Paris Agreement.
References to land use in nationally determined contributions
Criterion 2. The majority of countries have proposed a quantified emission mitigation target in their NDCs that includes land use.
Provide support for the development and implementation of strategies to reduce forest emissions
Public support for the development and implementation of strategies to reduce forest emissions
Criterion 1. Public finance plays a key role in reducing forest emissions by supporting research and capacity building, providing direct incentives for the protection of forests, and aiding the mobilization of private investment.
Private investment targeted at reducing forest emissions
Criterion 2. Few financial institutions place mandatory restrictions on companies with operations in forest-risk commodities.
Reward countries and jurisdictions that, by taking action, reduce forest emissions—particularly through public policies to scale-up payments for verified emission reductions and private-sector sourcing of commodities
Public payments for verified emission reductions
Criterion 1. Results-based REDD+ payments incentivize countries and jurisdictions to take actions and deliver results and are made through a number of funding pipelines to countries achieving quantifiable and verifiable forest emission reductions.
Support for supply chain efforts to incentivize reduced forest emissions
Criterion 2. Actors from across sectors are increasingly turning to jurisdictional approaches to implement supply chain commitments while avoiding potential leakage and efficiently scaling implementation.
Strengthen forest governance, transparency, and the rule of law, while also empowering communities and recognizing the rights of indigenous peoples, especially those pertaining to their lands and resources
Governance, the rule of law, and forest-related crime
Criterion 1. Countries with weak forest laws and policies, insufficient enforcement, and high levels of corruption experience higher rates of deforestation than countries with stronger legal frameworks and institutions.
Transparency, participation, and access to justice
Criterion 2. Several countries are implementing measures and mechanisms to improve transparency. While most forest countries allow for forest consultations, few guarantee equal participation of women.
Empowering and ensuring the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities
Criterion 3. Recognition of indgenous peoples' rights is growing at the international level, but national progress is mixed.