Protecting the World's Forests: Are We on Track?

2018 Progress Assessment of the New York Declaration on Forests

Just launched – Assessments of Goals 1-9
Stay tuned – Focus assessment report on forest governance (Goal 10) to be released end of November

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We are not on track to meet the goal to halve natural forest loss globally by 2020

Natural forests continue to disappear at an alarming rate since the NYDF was adopted in 2014. Though some of this forest loss has been offset by regrowth, young forests have different ecosystems and structures from established forests and are unlikely to offset carbon emissions from natural forests.

Pledges to stop deforestation have reached significant shares of agricultural commodity markets; major gaps remain and data on implementation is lacking

Though large shares of international and export markets in palm oil, soy, beef, and paper and pulp are covered by corporate commitments to reduce forest loss, major players in each of these commodities have yet to adopt any forest-related commitments. In addition, companies producing these commodities for domestic consumption or for developing country markets often do not have any forest commitments due to a lack of consumer demand for sustainable products.



Non-agricultural deforestation continues to threaten forests as tropical countries double down on resource-based growth

Dr Morley Read/

Infrastructure development and extractive activities like mining and oil and gas work synergistically to threaten forests: mines and oil wells require roads and power sources, and roads and power sources open areas to more mining and development. The governments of some countries with remaining biodiverse, primary forest cover, like Brazil and Indonesia, are rolling back hard-won forest protection regulations in favor of economic growth plans based on resource extraction.

Measuring subsistence impacts on forests remains a challenge; evidence points to potential positive alternatives to deforestation

John Wollwerth/

It remains difficult to assess the aggregate impact of subsistence farming and fuelwood collection on the world’s forests. Several examples of landscape-scale initiatives to support smallholder farmers and forest producers show promise for diversifying and improving livelihoods while reducing negative local impacts on forests from subsistence activities.

Forest restoration commitments grow, but measuring implementation remains challenging

Elona Hart/

Bonn Challenge pledges reached 163 million hectares, and 49 countries have committed themselves to restoring a total of 57 million hectares of forest landscapes – an area larger than France – under the Paris Agreement. Countries are adopting new policy arrangements and strengthening implementation capacities for bringing degraded forests and land into restoration. Faced with the 2020 target and limited data on implementation, countries and organizations are increasing their focus on measuring progress of ongoing efforts.

Investments in deforestation drivers dwarf finance to protect forests, but safeguards are slowly being introduced


Subsidies and investments in sectors driving deforestation (e.g. agriculture) amount to 40 times more than investments in protecting forests. While enforcement is still limited, some individual banks are emerging as leaders in the adoption of forest-risk policies. This year several banks have publicly disclosed and divested from companies with a risk of high deforestation, such as the Government Pension Fund Global.

Results-based payments for REDD+ are under development to incentivize forest protection, but progress is slow

As of July 2018, 19 countries have submitted initial emissions reductions plans to the Forest Carbon Partnership Facility’s Carbon Fund, one of the main financing vehicles for REDD+. Proposals from eight countries have been accepted and agreements are under negotiation, while three others are also in the final stages of approval.


Kae B Juki/